To drag in the latter question in order to determine the former, is to begin at the wrong end. (Jannes means "he vexed" and Jambres means "foamy healer"). While v 11 was a statement of certainty, v 12 is a statement of contingency. Reprobate seems to relate to not coming up to the standard - rejected - not standing the test - castaway. They probably were in some old chronicle of Israel's history (Smith, 'Dictionary of the Bible;' Pliny, 'H.N.' And if (as is more probable) he believed the names to be genuine, there is still less to surprise us in his making use of them to add vivacity to the comparison. But is it consistent with the character of an inspired writer to quote an incorrect tradition? The prophet is often a seer, who sees as present what is distant or future; and hence he naturally uses the present tense, even when he predicts. It is also possible that in Paul’s time there were commentaries on the prophets that gave more fully those narratives which Moses touches very briefly. 10 But thou hast fully known my doctrine, manner of life, purpose, faith, longsuffering, charity, patience, 11 Persecutions, afflictions, which came unto me at Antioch, at Iconium, at Lystra; what persecutions I endured: but out of [them] all the Lord delivered me. Home >> Bible Studies >> 1 Timothy >> 1 Timothy 3:8-16. The warning which Jesus had given, that "of that day or that hour knoweth no one, not even the angels in heaven, neither the Son, but the Father," seems to have been understood as meaning no more than the declaration "in an hour that ye think not the Son of man cometh." They should be men who by their serious deportment will inspire respect. As Jannes and Jambres — Jannes and Jambres are not mentioned Exodus 7 nor any where else in the Old Testament; but their names are said to be mentioned, though with some variety as to the spelling, in both the Talmuds, and in the Targum of Jonathan on Exodus 7:11. But, in fact, the change of tense indicates nothing of the kind. He is to "turn away from" the intense wickedness which will then be manifested, and go on undismayed with his own work, "Like as Jannes and Jambres withstood Moses, so do these also withstand the truth." These false teachers were very deep into the occult. 8And as Jannes and Jambres resisted Moses This comparison confirms what I have already said about the “last times”, for he means that the same thing happens to us under the gospel, which the Church experienced almost from her very commencement, or at least since the law was published. нали негодным). In Africa we find some knowledge of the tradition exhibited by Appuleius, the famous author of the "Golden Ass," who like Numenius flourished in the second century. As Jannes and Jambres — Jannes and Jambres are not mentioned Exodus 7 nor any where else in the Old Testament; but their names are said to be mentioned, though with some variety as to the spelling, in both the Talmuds, and in the Targum of Jonathan on Exodus 7:11. a. Now all the king’s wise men came, but they could not read the writing, or make known to the king its interpretation. Ev. Give us discernment to identify deception and the courage to challenge base men like Jannes and Jambres, who used their trickery to oppose Moses, and about whom Paul warned. These magicians, also termed wise men and sorcerers (Exodus 7:11-22) at the court of Pharaoh, appear as the enemies of Moses. And in a similar spirit a writer in the "Dictionary of the Bible" thinks that it would be "inconsistent with the character of an inspired record for a baseless or incorrect current tradition to be cited.". 10 And let these also first be proved; then let them use the office of a deacon, being found blameless. After that, he travelled to other places. 3 But mark this: There will be terrible times in the last days. 7.) On the word rendered "reprobate," see the Romans 1:28 note; 1 Corinthians 9:27 note, rendered "cast-away;" 2 Corinthians 13:5 note. ), and quoted by Origen and Eusebius as giving an account of Jannes and Jambres ("Con. 5 Having a form of godliness, but denying the power thereof: from such turn away. Origen says, that the account was preserved in a secret, or apocryphal, Jewish volume entitled “Jannes and Jambres.” The names are found, variously spelled, in the Targum of Jonathan on Exodus 7:11, and Numbers 21:22. Jannes and Jambres - Egyptian magicians who resisted Moses (Exodus 7:11; Exodus 7:22). He identified such false teachers as destructive men with depraved minds and perverted motives, who would deliberately, systematically and openly oppose the truth of God’s Word. p. 916, on Matthew 27:8), Jannes et Mambres liber, and is perhaps identical with Pœnitentia Jamnis et Mambrae condemned in the Decretum Gelasii. ‘And even as Jannes and Jambres withstood Moses, so do these also withstand the truth. 2-timothy 3:8 - Now as Jannes and Jambres withstood Moses, so do these also resist the truth: men of corrupt minds, reprobate concerning the faith. ix. And this is because their minds are corrupted, so that they have become spurious, ‘rejected after testing’, concerning the faith. kataphtheiro. Moreover, they are also introduced by the word “similarly,” as in 1 Tm 3:8; this parallel suggests that they too exercised ecclesiastical functions. Numenius (quoted by Eusebius (Prep. And even in the illustration it is not the names that have point, but the persons, who are supposed to have borne them; and the persons are real, although the names are probably fictitious. Deliverance: "Delivered from committing the errors mentioned in 2:12" Supporters of this interpretation understand 1 Tim 2:15 to refer to a woman's deliverance from the errors described and illustrated in verses 12-14. St. Paul is the earliest extant authority for the names; but of course he derived them from some source, written (Origen), or unwritten (Theodoret), it is immaterial which. 2 Timothy 3:8 G3739 * Now G1161 as G5158 Jannes G2389 and G2532 Jambres G2387 withstood G436 Moses, G3475 so G3779 do G436 these G3778 also G2532 resist G436 the truth: G225 men G444 of corrupt G2704 minds, G3563 reprobate G96 concerning G4012 the faith. 1. Reprobate (Romans 1:28) - 'not abiding the test:' rejected on being tested (Jeremiah 6:30). 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